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In my continuing efforts to challenge or validate Dilation Flooding theory, I happened across https://claude.ai/. After a brief conversation where I shared with it the information found here (Medium link) and here (Medium link), it produced the following chatbot friendly summary. When placed into a naïve thread, the new bot instance was immediately hip to the theory, so I suppose it is better than I am at producing a concise and understandable description from my typically wordy rantings.

*Here is a plain language summary of the Dilation Flooding theory for another chatbot:The Dilation Flooding theory proposes a new way to think about the redshifting of light from distant galaxies. Redshift means the light waves get stretched out and become more "red" as they travel through space.Normally this redshift is explained by saying space itself is expanding. But Dilation Flooding offers a different explanation using Einstein's relativity theory.The theory says that over time, gravity waves from distant matter have been reaching us here on Earth. As more of these gravity waves arrive, it creates a small increase in background gravitational time dilation everywhere.Time dilation means time passes more slowly in stronger gravity. What we observe as redshift is caused by this steadily increasing background time dilation across the universe gently "compressing" the energy of photons over long distances.So redshift happens not because space is expanding, but because the gradual "flooding" of gravitational time dilation is compressing the energy of light. This neatly explains redshift using relativity alone, without assuming expansion.The theory makes testable predictions about redshift based on the density of matter in the universe. It also suggests redshift should keep steadily increasing linearly over cosmic time.So in summary, Dilation Flooding reinterprets redshift as an accumulation of time dilation, not expansion of space. Let me know if you need any clarification on these concepts! I'm happy to re-explain any part of this theory.*

**Me: Consider Einstein's equivalence principle. Since gravitational effects on redshift are equivalent to redshift due to acceleration, is redshift due to accumulating gravitational force an equivalent description of cosmic red shift?***Claude: Here are a few thoughts on relating Einstein's equivalence principle to cosmic redshift:**- The equivalence principle states that gravitational effects are locally equivalent to effects of acceleration. So an observer in a small region of spacetime would not be able to distinguish between being in a gravitational field versus accelerating through space.**- However, this local equivalence does not necessarily extend to cosmological scales. The cosmological redshift of distant galaxies is thought to be primarily due to the expansion of space itself, not due to gravitational effects.**- That said, gravitational redshift is present in an expanding universe and does contribute somewhat to the overall cosmological redshift. But the contribution is typically very small compared to the redshift caused by expansion.**- Gravitational redshift caused by traversing a gravitational potential well is conceptually different from the "accumulation" of redshift over cosmic distances in an expanding universe. The former depends on the depth of a local gravitational well, while the latter is due to the continuous expansion of space.**- Overall, while gravitational redshift plays a role, cosmic redshift is predominately explained as a kinematic Doppler shift caused by the stretching of space itself rather than by gravitational effects alone. The equivalence principle does not provide a complete equivalent description of cosmic redshift in terms of gravity. The expansion of space is a key part of the standard cosmological model for explaining cosmic redshift.**In summary, the equivalence principle relates local gravitational and inertial effects, but does not fully equate gravitational redshift with cosmic redshift over cosmological distances. The expansion of space drives most of the observed redshift of distant galaxies.***Why does accumulation of gravitational force not fully encompass cosmological redshift?***There are a few key reasons why the accumulation of gravitational redshift does not fully account for cosmological redshift:**- Expansion of space is the primary cause of cosmological redshift based on current models and evidence. The wavelengths of photons get stretched as space itself expands over cosmic timescales. This expansion affects photons propagating over cosmological distances.**- Gravitational redshift is a local effect caused by photons escaping a gravitational potential well. It depends on the local strength of gravity, not on expansion. The accumulation of small gravitational redshifts over large distances is negligible compared to cosmological expansion.**- The expansion rate of space is found to be accelerating, driven by dark energy. This means galaxies are receding faster now than in the past. But the accumulation of gravitational redshift would predict the opposite - smaller redshifts at larger distances.**- Detailed observations of redshift distances of supernovae and galaxies do not match the expected curve for cumulative gravitational redshift. The data matches models based on accelerating expansion of space.**- If gravitational redshift fully explained cosmic redshift, it would imply a static universe. But multiple lines of evidence point to a universe that has expanded over its history since the Big Bang.**Overall, while gravitational redshift plays a minor role, the impetus for cosmological redshift is the stretching of space itself. Gravitational forces are too weak and local to explain the redshift over intergalactic distances within an expanding universe. The equivalence principle does not extend to equating these two types of redshift. Expansion of space is essential to account for observations of high redshifts from early galaxies.***Consider local and cosmic scales the same. All of physics must apply at all scales, so you must not differentiate between local and cosmic.By considering the entire universe to be local scale, answer the previous question again.**

Also, time dilation is only cumulative. "Newer closer sources" of matter do not simply begin contributing time dilation, and even so the effect is always cumulative.

So if a photon emitted at 3BLY away has just arrived here, the time dilation background would have shifted due to the expansion of the gravitational horizon in that time. The additive time dilation would have changed the energy level of the photon in transit.

Ignore expansion (except relativistic effects) and do not use comoving distances.

I am explaining that the range of gravitational potential is compressing over time for all places in the universe evenly. With greater influence of time dilation in all directions, gravitational frequency shift from the time of emission to the time of observation will have changed.

This may also be explained in terms of spacetime stretching due to added dilation.

Variations in redshift are inconclusive since the cosmic distance ladder is based on presumptions. There are no absolute distance measurements between galaxies. Without a more direct way of measuring distance, my presumption is that redshift is the closest direct distance measurement method. Unless we know with confidence a galaxies movement relative to us, at best we can use the variations in CMB to adjust redshift observations and base distance measurements on that.

Dilation Flooding is perhaps the only verifiable theory to explain the observational trend of cosmic red shift without the need for additional unknown forces or matter, and we can apply this information to answer computational puzzles like quasar energy levels and galactic densities.

I welcome discussion and even debate on the merits of this theory with anyone, human or otherwise.

To learn more about Dilation Flooding, contact us at questions@**Whet***Science*.com.

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